arts and crafts | ˈärts ən(d) ˈkrafts
A design movement that began in the late 1800s as a rebellion against the mass-produced, machine made designs of questionable aesthetic value, common in the late Victorian era
Artists believed their work should appear more authentic - handmade. With this being said, marks, such as those from a hammer, were placed along the piece. Silver was the most commonly used metal to emphasize this bona fide style. However, from time to time, gold was used as well. Both metals were equally able to achieve the natural effect of the markings. Furthermore, artists believed adding natural pieces would add to their desired style, such as stones. Stones were the perfect addition, as oftentimes, they were inexpensive. Commonly used stones were cabochon stones, including: mother or pearl, moonstone, amber, and agate.