fa·ience | fā-ˈän(t)s
Glazed porcelain or earthenware
Faience dates back to ancient Egypt when it was provided as a substitute for rare metals and precious gems. This type of jewelry could be made in molds using fired sand and a glaze that consisted of soda-lime-silicate. Because of this, the jewelers could shape faience into almost any shape and color it to match with shades ranging from green to blue or white. Today, the term Faience refers to any of a number of glazed porcelain or earthenware jewelry pieces, using many of the same techniques and materials as in the original pieces from thousands of years ago.